When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style can be found here. This resource, revised according to the 7 th edition APA Publication Manual, provides fundamental ilst for constructing the reference pages of research papers.
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For more information, please tsyle the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association7 th ed. This page gives basic guidelines for formatting the reference list at the end of a standard APA research paper. Most sources follow fairly straightforward rules. However, because sources obtained from academic journals carry special weight in research writing, these sources are subject to special rules. Thus, this page presents basic guidelines for citing academic journals separate referencf its "ordinary" basic guidelines.
This distinction is made clear below. Note: Because the information on this page pertains to virtually all citations, we've highlighted one important difference between Best architectural thesis proposal 6 and APA 7 with an underlined note written in red.
Reference list format
Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. It provides the information necessary for a reader reference list apa style format locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper. Each source you cite in the reference list apa style format must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text.
Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" in bold, centered at the top of the page do NOT underline or use quotation marks for the esl descriptive essay ghostwriting service gb. All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay.
Please note: While the APA manual provides examples of how to reference list apa style format common types of sources, it does not cover all conceivable sources.
If you must cite a source that APA does not address, the APA suggests finding an example that is similar to your source and using that format. For more information, see page of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association7 th ed.
Formatting a Reference List Your reference list should appear at help me write mathematics thesis statement end of your paper.
Basic Rules for Most Sources All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin.
Reference List: Basic Rules
This is called hanging indentation. All authors' names should be inverted i.
Authors' first and middle names should be written reference list apa style format initials. For example, the reference entry for a source written by Jane Marie Smith would begin with "Smith, J. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from cover letter for teaching to most recent.]